While sailing, the ship’s crew received a piston cooling oil (PCO) high temperature alarm (65°C) that led to a main engine slow down and eventual stoppage of the engine for investigation.
Upon investigation, the crew found a crack in the piston crown with cooling oil leaking out. The crew isolated the unit and carried out a unit overhaul at the next opportunity. Figure 1 displays the PCO outlet temperatures prior to, during, and after the engine slowdown and shut down due to high PCO outlet temperatures.
SMARTShip has two applications that can be configured to better monitor and alert on anomalous operating conditions to inform staff about them.
SMARTNotification – user customizable notification manager allowing users to create alerts. A notification was created for when an individual unit PCO temperature deviation from average exceeds 1.5°C.
Asset AI – An advanced anomaly detection application using AI/ML. The application was configured to monitor and alert on anomalous individual unit PCO temperature deviation from average and individual unit PCO high temperature with respect to load and PCO inlet temperature.
A holistic approach is taken when evaluating how to properly monitor equipment and associated parameters. Failure Mode & Effects Analysis (FMEA) is performed on the equipment to ensure the approach taken is based on engineering fundamentals and historical and incident data is analyzed to support the engineering approach and assumptions.
Failure Mode & Effects Analysis (FMEA) enables finding the respective failure mode, associated failure indication and root causes.
A notification was set to alert users if any unit PCO outlet temperature deviation exceeds +/-1.5°C with a persistence of 5 minutes. The threshold was based on historical data analysis. Figure 2 displays the historical normal variation of PCO outlet temperature deviation over a 1-year period for each unit. The diagram indicates that the individual cylinder PCO temperature deviation has been well maintained (all within +/-1°C).
Figure 3 shows the user interface used to create the notification within SMARTShip. The notification manager allows users to create custom notification formulas with associated information.
Two AI based modeling approaches were evaluated:
Figure 4 displays one year of historical unit 1 PCO outlet temperature deviation from average data while the main engine was in operation – this data was used to generate the single variable model. Statistical methods were used to find the mean and normal variation of the data to set a baseline and associated warning/alarm limits for the individual unit.
For the multivariable model approach, instead of monitoring the deviation from average, the unit PCO outlet temperature is monitored. Through engineering and data analysis it was determined that the primary contributors to PCO outlet temperature are the PCO inlet temperature and the engine load.
A ML model was generated with PCO inlet temperature and load to identify what the expected outlet temperature should be at various engine loads and inlet temperatures. Figure 5 displays the Asset AI model detecting and alerting on a similar piston crown failure from a different vessel.
The figure demonstrates the dynamic alerting capability based on the fluctuating engine load and PCO inlet temperature. In the top chart, the green line represents the machine learned baseline, the yellow and red line represent the anomalous warning and alarm limits, and the blue is the actual PCO outlet temperature data.
After the AI models were generated, they were superimposed on the actual failure data, to see how the models performed.
Static limit AMS alarms onboard vessels often offer little to no time to mitigate or correct potential equipment issues and can result in various undesired outcomes for owners, operators, and vessel staff. As digitization is becoming the norm in shipping and advancements and incorporation of AI are commonplace the methodologies to monitor equipment in the marine industry are ripe for change and Alpha Ori’s SMARTShip Platform is leading the way.AI based predictive maintenance solutions provide real possibilities to embark on condition-based maintenance strategies to increase reliability and reduce equipment downtime.
Tom Callahan is a Product Manager at Alpha Ori Technologies. He has a decade of experience in the marine industry and predictive maintenance applications. Contact: email@example.com